Hospital mortality in hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis

A. Yu. Bazarov, K. S. Sergeyev, A. O. Faryon, R. V. Paskov, I. A. Lebedev
2021 Hirurgiâ pozvonočnika  
Objective. To analyze lethal outcomes in patients with hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis.Material and Methods. Study design: retrospective analysis of medical records. A total of 209 medical records of inpatients who underwent treatment for hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis in 2006–2017 were analyzed. Out of them 68 patients (32.5 %) were treated conservatively, and 141 (67.5 %) – surgically. The risk factors for lethal outcomes were studied for various methods of treatment, and a
more » ... cal analysis was performed.Results. Hospital mortality (n = 9) was 4.3 %. In patients who died in hospital, average time for diagnosis making was 4 times less (p = 0.092). The main factors affecting mortality were diabetes mellitus (p = 0.033), type C lesion according to the Pola classification (p = 0.014) and age over 70 years (p = 0.006). To assess the relationship between hospital mortality and the revealed differences between the groups, a regression analysis was performed, which showed that factors associated with mortality were Pola type C.4 lesions (OR 9.73; 95 % CI 1.75–54.20), diabetes mellitus (OR 5.86; 95 % CI 1.14–30.15) and age over 70 years (OR 12.58; 95 % CI 2.50–63.34). The combination of these factors increased the likelihood of hospital mortality (p = 0.001). Sensitivity (77.8 %) and specificity (84.2 %) were calculated using the ROC curve. In the group with mortality, the comorbidity index (CCI) was significantly higher (≥4) than in the group without mortality (p = 0.002). With a CCI of 4 or more, the probability of hospital death increases significantly (OR 10.23; 95 % CI 2.06–50.82), p = 0.005. Long-term mortality was 4.3 % (n = 9), in 77.8 % of cases the cause was acute cardiovascular pathology, and no recurrence of vertebral osteomyelitis was detected.Conclusion. Hospital mortality was 4.3 %, and there was no mortality among patients treated conservatively. The main risk factors were diabetes mellitus, type C lesion according to Pola and age over 70 years. There was a significant mutual burdening of these factors (p = 0.001). With CCI ≥4, the probability of death is higher (p = 0.005).
doi:10.14531/ss2021.3.86-93 fatcat:lt5h4swgpvfu3pivjfce3wkcau