An assessment of the efficiency of methods for measurement of the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) for cone beam (CBCT) dosimetry by Monte Carlo simulation
Abdullah Abuhaimed, Colin J Martin, Marimuthu Sankaralingam, David J Gentle, Mark McJury
Physics in Medicine and Biology
An assessment of the efficiency of methods for measurement of the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) for cone beam (CBCT) dosimetry by Monte Carlo simulation Abdullah Abuhaimed, Colin J Martin, Marimuthu Sankaralingam et al. Investigation of practical approaches to evaluating cumulative dose for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) from standard CT dosimetry measurements: a Monte Carlo study Abdullah Abuhaimed, Colin J Martin, Marimuthu Sankaralingam et al. Application of Gafchromic film in
... he study of dosimetry methods in CT phantoms C J Martin, D J Gentle, S Sookpeng et al. Computed tomography dose assessment for a cone beam CT scanner J Geleijns, M Salvadó Artells, P W de Bruin et al. A Monte Carlo based method to estimate radiation dose from multidetector CT (MDCT) J J DeMarco, C H Cagnon, D D Cody et al. Abstract The CT scanner-displayed radiation dose information is based on CT dose index (CTDI) over an integration length of 100 mm (CTDI 100 ), which is lower than the CTDI over an infinite integration length (CTDI ∞ ). In an adult or a pediatric body CT scan, the limiting equilibrium dose can be established near the central scan plane, and CTDI ∞ more closely indicates the accumulated dose than CTDI 100 . The aim of this study was to (a) evaluate CTDI efficiencies, (CTDI 100 ) = CTDI 100 /CTDI ∞ , for a multi-detector CT (MDCT) scanner, (b) examine the dependences of (CTDI 100 ) on kV, beam width, phantom diameter, phantom length and position in phantom and (c) investigate how to estimate CTDI ∞ based on the CT scanner-displayed information. We performed a comprehensive Geant4-based simulation study of a clinical CT scanner, and calculated (CTDI 100 ) for a range of parameters. The results were compared with the (CTDI 100 ) data of previous studies. Differences in the (CTDI 100 ) values of these studies were assessed. A broad analysis of the (CTDI 100 ) variations with the above-mentioned parameters was presented. Based on the results, we proposed a practical approach to obtain the weighted CTDI ∞ using the CT scanner-displayed information. A reference combination of 120 kV and a beam width close to 20 mm can be selected to determine the efficiencies of the weighted CTDI by using either phantom measurements or computer simulations. The results can be applied to estimate the weighted CTDI ∞ for 80-140 kV and the beam widths within 40 mm. Errors in the weighted CTDI ∞ due to the variations of kV and beam width can be 5% or less for the MDCT scanners.