THE ROLE OF THE ACTOR-NETWORK IN THE REGENT'S ELECTORAL PROCESS AND THE STABILITY OF GOVERNANCE (A CASE STUDY ON THE PROCESS OF WINNING THE INCUMBENT IN KUPANG REGENCY)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
This research is to analyze how the stability of governance is done through actor network. This study is important as decentralization and its judicial regulations have allowed people to elect a regent (Bupati) through an electoral process. The process of regent's candidacy can be done through a political party or independently. Politically, a Bupati from independent route lacks political support in DPRD (local representative council) so it has a potential to generate conflicts. This is where
... e actor network of incumbent is needed in order to support the stability of governance. This study is based on a study case on the process of winning the incumbent in Kupang Regency during the period of 2019-2019 using a qualitative method. Data are collected by way of in-depth interviews, secondary data, and field observation. In-depth interviews are done using a guideline for unstructured interview and open-ended questions for informants that have been purposely designated. The analysis is focused on the process of establishment of actor-network, support from DPRD to Bupati's programs from independent route, a model of actor-network in governance, stability of governance, and a model of future electoral process. Results of this study reveal the following. First, main actor (incumbent) and non-actor in the form of kinship network, elite network and cultural network (oko mama) play an important role in the establishment of actor-network for the incumbent's success. Second, DPRD's support to Bupati is reflected in coordination and communication among bureaucracy. But it fails to set up professionalism among bureaucracy as it is full of interest. Third, the model of "Titu Eki" actor-network in the governance of Kupang Regency is different from the one during the 2013 election (Pilkada). Fourth, the resulting model leads to artificial stability of governance. Fifth, capacity, acceptability, and compactibily of candidate that can accommodate traditional values and support from a political party will be a model the next electoral process. Theoretical implication of this study on the development of government science is the importance of developing the same model of actor-network in other regions that can generate substantive stability of governance.