Testicular maturation of Oligosarcus hepsetus (Cuvier) (Actinopterygii, Characidae) in a brazilian tropical reservoir

R. N. Santos, C. C. Andrade, L. N. Santos, A. F. G. N. Santos, F. G. Araújo
2006 Brazilian Journal of Biology  
Six reproductive classes of male Oligosarcus hepsetus (Cuvier, 1829), a medium-sized carnivorous Characiform species, are described based on macroscopic and histological techniques. A total of 175 individuals were caught monthly between April 2001 and June 2002 in the Lajes Reservoir, Brazil, one of the largest impoundment areas in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The reproductive classes were based upon changes in the testicular morphology and stages of germinative cells, i.e., resting, early
more » ... ing, late maturing, mature, partially spent and totally spent. Fish in the resting class showed testes with spermatogonia and spermatocytes along the wall of seminal lobules, while spermatids were present in the lumina of the lobules. During early maturing, active spermatogenesis occurs throughout the testis; in the late maturing and mature classes, the lobules are swollen with sperm that are typical of fish in breeding condition. Spent testes presented seminal lobules with residual spermatozoa, coinciding with decreasing GSI and greatly reduced sperm production. Overall, the testicular morphology and class of maturity development of O. hepsetus in the Lajes reservoir did not differ significantly from those of closely related species in other lentic environments. Lower GSI values in the oligotrophic Lajes reservoir than in other eutrophic natural lakes suggest that this species may be modifying this aspect of its reproductive strategy in response to the artificial environment.
doi:10.1590/s1519-69842006000100018 pmid:16680317 fatcat:ctiubmyubjgjvixdd4mdqmz7ry