People healed of Ebola and their psychosocial life: About 55 cases at the Donka treatment center (Conakry)

Bangaly Sako Fode, Mory Keita Mamady, Amara Traore Fode, Oumou Sylla Aminata, Toure Mavolo, Barry Moumie, Cisse Mohamed
2018 International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences  
Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is often a severe and fatal disease. The objective of this study is to identify the psychological and social problems as well as the needs of people cured of Ebola. This work is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study done within a period of three months, from 16 November 2014 to 15 February 2015. The population of this research consists of those who were infected by and cured of Ebola; they were 18 years and
more » ... bove and were both males and females. They have received treatment at Donka (CET) and are members of those affected and healed in Guinea (A.PE.GU.AEG); they were in Conakry during the study period and gave their consent to participate in our study. Of a total of 72 members, 55 (76.39%) met the inclusion criteria of this study. The average age was 29.9 ± 11.33 years [18-66 years] with a male predominance, sex ratio = 1.2. The average duration of isolation was 16 days with extremes of 6 and 25 days. The main psychological disorders experienced by people healed of Ebola are: fear, 85.45%; revivability, 43.64%; nightmare, 63.64%; stress, 56.36%; anxiety, 49.10%; insomnia, 45.45%; withdrawal, 43.63%; insomnia, 45.45%; distrust, 41.82%; discouragement, 41.82%; and those that want to die, 41.82%. On the social level, stigmatization from the neighborhood was 90.91% and distrust 58.18%. This study shows that people infected by and cured of Ebola suffer many psychological and behavioral disorders. Stigma and distrust are the major social problems.
doi:10.5897/ijmms2016.1226 fatcat:3blwnv6ibjdidgwkz7gxhhnts4