Increased activity of low-Km cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterase in plasma membranes of Morris hepatoma 5123tc (h)
The total cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase activities as well as the activities of the low- and high-K-m enzyme forms were investigated in homogenates, 100,000 X g supernatants, and plasma membrane fractions of rat liver and Morris hepatoma 5123tc(h); the responsiveness of hepatoma and liver plasma membrane (low-K-m) phosphodiesterases to imidazole (40 mM) and theophylline (5mM) were also compared at cAMP concentrations of 1 and 7.5 muM. The total cAMP
... cAMP phosphodiesterase activities of tumor homogenates and 100,000 X g supernatant fractions were found to be less than one-half those of liver; kinetic studies of homogenates indicated that this finding was largely due to a substantial reduction (53%) in activity of the hepatoma high-K-m enzyme. In contrast, low-Km cAMP phosphodiesterase activities for tumor homogenate and plasma membrane fractions were significantly (50%) higher than liver; this was particularly evident when cAMP concentrations were between 0.5 and 2 muM. Since these concentrations are in the range of basal physiological levels of cAMP in hepatocytes, the present results suggest that the reduced levels of cAMP, previously observed in hepatoma 5123tc (h), are primarily due TO An increased rate of cAMP metabolism by low-Km cAMP phosphodiesterase in plasma membranes of the tumor. Imidazole increased the activity of the low-K-m cAMP phosphodiesterase of liver plasma membranes by 22 (1 muM cAMP) and 38% (7.5 muM camp); tumor activity was enhanced 35 and 50%, respectively, at 1 and 7.5 muM cAMP. Theophylline inhibited the plasma membrane phosphodiesterase activity of liver 79 and 53% at cAMP concentrations of 1 and 7.5 muM, respectively; hepatoma activity was inhibited 82 (1 muM cAMP) and 62% (7.5 muM cAMP).