Analysis of genitourinary trauma patients admitted to the emergency department

İrfan Aydın, Erdal Yavuz
2021 IMC Journal of Medical Science  
and objective: Genitourinary injuries are commonly encountered in the emergency department but may be over looked in case of multi-trauma. Determining the clinical features of genitourinary injuries will help physicians in the management of genitourinary trauma. Methods: The study was conducted in a tertiary hospital. Patients of all ages, admitted in the emergency department, with trauma between 2015 and 2020 were included and analyzed. The cause of genitourinary trauma, affected organs, any
more » ... companying injury, treatments, mortality status, and laboratory tests related to mortality were obtained from the hospital records and analyzed. Results: During the study period, 87 patients admitted to the emergency department with genitourinary trauma were included in the study. The majority of these patients (n=79) were male. Of the patients, 9.2% died. All the patients in the mortality group had additional injuries. The most frequently injured organ was determined as the kidney (51.7%), followed by the scrotum (25.3%) and penis (8.1%). Additional injuries were observed in 81.6% of the patients. Intra-abdominal organ injuries (19.5%) were the most common accompanying injuries. White blood cell count (WBC), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase ( ALT), blood glucose and creatinine values measured at the time of admission to the emergency department were found to be higher in the non-survivor group. The majority of the patients (81%) were discharged with conservative treatment and follow-up. Conclusion: It was determined that genitourinary injuries were frequently seen with additional injuries. Genitourinary injury should be evaluated carefully, especially in the presence of intra-abdominal organ injuries. Ibrahim Med. Coll. J. 2021; 15(2): 32-37
doi:10.3329/imcjms.v15i2.55807 fatcat:nauvynnk2vhvllvtqxilgyr5xa