Power Allocation in Two-Hop Amplify-and-Forward MIMO Relay Systems With QoS Requirements
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
The problem of minimizing the total power consumption while satisfying different quality-of-service (QoS) requirements in a two-hop multiple-input multiple-output network with a single non-regenerative relay is considered. As shown by Y. Rong in , the optimal processing matrices for both linear and non-linear transceiver architectures lead to the diagonalization of the source-relay-destination channel so that the power minimization problem reduces to properly allocating the available power
... e available power over the established links. Unfortunately, finding the solution of this problem is numerically difficult as it is not in a convex form. To overcome this difficulty, existing solutions rely on the computation of upper- and lower-bounds that are hard to obtain or require the relaxation of the QoS constraints. In this work, a novel approach is devised for both linear and non-linear transceiver architectures, which allows to closely approximate the solutions of the non-convex power allocation problems with those of convex ones easy to compute in closed-form by means of multi-step procedures of reduced complexity. Computer simulations are used to assess the performance of the proposed approach and to make comparisons with alternatives.