Task-oriented specialization techniques for entity retrieval [article]

Andrea Glaser, Universität Stuttgart
Finding information on the internet has become very important nowadays, and online encyclopedias or websites specialized in certain topics offer users a great amount of information. Search engines support users when trying to find information. However, the vast amount of information makes it difficult to separate relevant from irrelevant facts for a specific information need. In this thesis we explore two areas of natural language processing in the context of retrieving information about
more » ... s: named entity disambiguation and sentiment analysis. The goal of this thesis is to use methods from these areas to develop task-oriented specialization techniques for entity retrieval. Named entity disambiguation is concerned with linking referring expressions (e.g., proper names) in text to their corresponding real world or fictional entity. Identifying the correct entity is an important factor in finding information on the internet as many proper names are ambiguous and need to be disambiguated to find relevant information. To that end, we introduce the notion of r-context, a new type of structurally informed context. This r-context consists of sentences that are relevant to the entity only to capture all important context clues and to avoid noise. We then show the usefulness of this r-context by performing a systematic study on a pseudo-ambiguity dataset. Identifying less known named entities is a challenge in named entity disambiguation because usually there is not much data available from which a machine learning algorithm can learn. We propose an approach that uses an aggregate of textual data about other entities which share certain properties with the target entity, and learn information from it by using topic modelling, which is then used to disambiguate the less known target entity. We use a dataset that is created automatically by exploiting the link structure in Wikipedia, and show that our approach is helpful for disambiguating entities without training material and with little surrounding context. Retrievin [...]
doi:10.18419/opus-11353 fatcat:xzcco34ynfd5nccy6mcuyubyau