Design a Services Architecture for Mobile-Based Agro-Goods Transport and Commerce System

Stivin Aloyce Nchimbi, Michael Kisangiri, Mussa Ally Dida, Alcardo Alex Barakabitze
<span title="">2022</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Mobile Information Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Despite massive mobile phones adoption globally, Agriculture Supply Chain (ASC) in Tanzania is challenged by the low adoption of m-commerce integrated to m-payment and m-transport services as key information enablers for efficiently linking farmers to buyers. With such an inefficient and ineffective information gap, middlemen have become information custodians by decreasing farmers' bargaining power in the market. In addressing the challenge, this study uses stakeholders to validate core
more &raquo; ... s needed and proposes service architecture for Agro-Goods Transport and Commerce (AgroTC) system using installable and build-in mobile phone applications (internet web, mobile apps, and USSD). The proposed method appreciates a user-centric approach for system development. A scenario of the potato supply chain in Tanzania was considered where 2309 respondents were interviewed from farmers, buyers, and transport service providers from a predetermined sample size (n = 384) having a 95% confidence level. Data were collected using mobile phones configured with Open Data Kit (ODK) technology and analyzed using the R Studio tool with Pandas libraries. The results indicated that buyers were not interested in disease and land management information. Collectively, farmers (74%) and buyers (60%) highly demand m-commerce services as a virtual platform for linking them. Only farmers showed concern about disease management information. Furthermore, 35% of the farmers and 57% of the buyers need m-transport, whereas 35% of the farmers and 69% of the buyers need m-payment service. It was revealed that the remaining percentages lack knowledge on mobile phone features to perform online businesses. All transport service providers pointed to the challenge of existing middlemen in reaching customers and required technological change in managing transport systems. The proposed mobile-based AgroTC architecture provides a foundation business approach in Tanzania and many developing countries. System developers and innovators can use the proposed a [...]
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1155/2022/6041197</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">doaj:e51a74ce981f448da9dddeaccabd1521</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:t4ocm3lzqjcezircvtu2cz2vai</a> </span>
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