Pten and Dicer1 loss causes poorly-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma in mice [article]

Xiyin Wang, Jillian Wendel, Robert E Emerson, Russell R. Broaddus, Chad J. Creighton, Doug Rusch, Aaron M Buechlein, Francesco J DeMayo, John P Lydon, Shannon Hawkins
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Endometrial cancer remains the most common gynecological malignancy in the United States. While the loss of the tumor suppressor, PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog), is well studied in endometrial cancer, recent studies suggest that DICER1, the endoribonuclease responsible for miRNA genesis, also plays a significant role in endometrial adenocarcinoma. In an endometrial adenocarcinoma mouse model, which has a conditional uterine deletion of Pten, Dicer1 was also conditionally deleted.
more » ... nal uterine deletion of Dicer1 and Pten resulted in high-penetrance, poorly-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinomas. Poorly-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinomas expressed known markers of clear-cell adenocarcinoma, including Napsin A and HNF1B (hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B). Adenocarcinomas were hormone-independent, and treatment with long-term progesterone did not mitigate poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma, nor did it affect adnexal metastasis. Transcriptomic analyses of uteri or Ishikawa cells with deletion of DICER1 revealed unique transcriptomic profiles and global downregulation of miRNAs. Integration of downregulated miRNAs with upregulated mRNA targets revealed deregulated let-7 and miR-16 target genes, similar to published human DICER1-mutant endometrial cancers from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas). Importantly, these miRNA-target genes, involved in ephrin-receptor and transforming growth factor-beta signaling, represent potential clinical targets for rare, yet deadly, poorly-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinomas in women. This mouse model represents poorly-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma and will allow for the discovery of novel mechanisms of hormone-independent endometrial adenocarcinoma from atrophic endometrium.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.12.989087 fatcat:yvphrpybqfhbtfmjflzlaoart4