Five Crucial Tests of the Cosmic Distance Scale Using the Galaxy as Fundamental Standard

G. de Vaucouleurs
1982 Publications Astronomical Society of Australia  
The traditional approach to the extragalactic distance scale rests on a pyramid of primary, secondary and tertiary indicators of increasing range and decreasing accuracy. This multi-step procedure, fraught with the danger of cumulative errors, has led in recent years to two main, widely diverging scales: the 'long' scale (Sandage and Tammann 1974, 1975, 1976) implying a Hubble constant and the 'short' scale (de Vaucouleurs 1978, 1979; de Vaucouleurs and Bollinger 1979; de Vaucouleurs and Peters
more » ... 1981; de Vaucouleurs et al. 1981) leading to H 0 ≃ 100. Several authors have already shown that the long scale rests on very precarious foundations (Capaccioli and Fasano 1980, de Vaucouleurs 1981, Hanes 1980); counter arguments have been offered in its defence and to criticize the short scale (Tammann, Sandage and Yahil 1979, Sandage and Tammann 1982). For want of a conclusive test a consensus was still lacking.
doi:10.1017/s132335800002107x fatcat:2hvz3js5mzfz3mrxjh57twuccq