Is Diabetic Retinopathy an Independent Risk Factor For Ischemic Stroke?

N. Cheung, S. Rogers, D. J. Couper, R. Klein, A. R. Sharrett, T. Y. Wong
2006 Stroke  
and Purpose-The relationship between diabetic retinopathy and ischemic stroke is uncertain and examined in this study. Methods-A population-based, prospective cohort study of 1617 middle-aged persons with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy signs were ascertained from retinal photographs, and incident ischemic stroke events were prospectively identified and validated. Results-Over an average follow-up of 7.8 years, there were 75 ischemic stroke events. After adjustment for age, gender, race, center,
more » ... 6-year mean arterial blood pressure, anti-hypertensive treatment use, fasting glucose, insulin treatment, duration of diabetes, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and cigarette smoking status, diabetic retinopathy was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (hazard rate ratio, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.13 to 4.86). Conclusions-Diabetic retinopathy predicts incident ischemic stroke in people with diabetes, independent of other risk factors. (Stroke. 2007;38:398-401.)
doi:10.1161/01.str.0000254547.91276.50 pmid:17194880 fatcat:6ycwj34vzfebvhee2vf5perp4a