Accurate Cardinality Estimation of Co-occurring Words Using Suffix Trees (Extended Version) [report]

Jens Willkomm, Martin Schäler, Klemens Böhm
2021
Estimating the cost of a query plan is one of the hardest problems in query optimization. This includes cardinality estimates of string search patterns, of multi-word strings like phrases or text snippets in particular. At first sight, suffix trees address this problem. To curb the memory usage of a suffix tree, one often prunes the tree to a certain depth. But this pruning method "takes away" more information from long strings than from short ones. This problem is particularly severe with sets
more » ... of long strings, the setting studied here. In this article, we propose respective pruning techniques. Our approaches remove characters with low information value. The various variants determine a character's information value in different ways, e.g., by using conditional entropy with respect to previous characters in the string. Our experiments show that, in contrast to the well-known pruned suffix tree, our technique provides significantly better estimations when the tree size is reduced by 60% or less. Due to the redundancy of natural language, our pruning techniques yield hardly any error for tree-size reductions of up to 50%.
doi:10.5445/ir/1000128678 fatcat:w7aav7gv7bezdi4ee4p2elenjm