Clinical and pathological characterization of a novel transgenic animal model of diabetes mellitus expressing a dominant negative glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR dn) [thesis]

Nadja Herbach
2002
Clinical and pathological characterization of a novel transgenic animal model of diabetes mellitus expressing a dominant negative glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR dn) Gastrointestinal hormones like glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide have recently been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus in humans and animals models of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to characterize a novel transgenic mouse model expressing a dominant
more » ... ative glucosedependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPRdn) under the control of the rat insulin gene promoter and their non-transgenic counterparts. Detailed analysis of clinical parameters was performed, including urine glucose, blood or serum glucose and serum insulin values. In addition, oral and subcutaneous glucose tolerance tests were performed, and HbA1c levels and various serum parameters were determined. The detection of the daily food and water intake and the daily urine volume was performed in two age groups. Further, body and organ weights were determined. Qualitative and quantitative morphological changes of the pancreas and the kidneys were investigated in several age groups. Some of the parameters were studied in different diet groups, one of them received standard rodent chow, and the other received a carbohydrate-restricted diet until four months of age. All transgenic mice studied exhibited severe glucosuria from 21 days of age onwards. From 30 days of age onwards, GIPRdn transgenic males and females showed severe hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia (p<0.05). In male transgenic animals, the fasted body weight was found to be lower than in age-matched male control mice. The daily food and water intake and the 24-hour urine volume were significantly higher in all transgenic animals investigated. Histological and immunohistochemical survey of the pancreas revealed a striking change of the islet cell composition and distribution. Further, quantitative- stereological analysis of the pancreas revealed [...]
doi:10.5282/edoc.1008 fatcat:w7gfgjauqjen3n3v3v4wlucxyu