Analyzing control flow integrity with LLVM-CFI

Paul Muntean, Matthias Neumayer, Zhiqiang Lin, Gang Tan, Jens Grossklags, Claudia Eckert
2019 Proceedings of the 35th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference on - ACSAC '19  
Control-flow hijacking attacks are used to perform malicious com-putations. Current solutions for assessing the attack surface afteracontrol flow integrity(CFI) policy was applied can measure onlyindirect transfer averages in the best case without providing anyinsights w.r.t. the absolute calltarget reduction per callsite, and gad-get availability. Further, tool comparison is underdeveloped or notpossible at all. CFI has proven to be one of the most promising pro-tections against control flow
more » ... jacking attacks, thus many effortshave been made to improve CFI in various ways. However, there isa lack of systematic assessment of existing CFI protections. In this paper, we presentLLVM-CFI, a static source code analy-sis framework for analyzing state-of-the-art static CFI protectionsbased on the Clang/LLVM compiler framework.LLVM-CFIworksby precisely modeling a CFI policy and then evaluating it within aunified approach.LLVM-CFIhelps determine the level of securityoffered by different CFI protections, after the CFI protections weredeployed, thus providing an important step towards exploit cre-ation/prevention and stronger defenses. We have usedLLVM-CFIto assess eight state-of-the-art static CFI defenses on real-worldprograms such as Google Chrome and Apache Httpd.LLVM-CFIprovides a precise analysis of the residual attack surfaces, andaccordingly ranks CFI policies against each other.LLVM-CFIalsosuccessfully paves the way towards construction of COOP-like codereuse attacks and elimination of the remaining attack surface bydisclosing protected calltargets under eight restrictive CFI policies.
doi:10.1145/3359789.3359806 dblp:conf/acsac/MunteanNLTG019 fatcat:pli7gsiey5fmbjkl3jguidareu