Közvetlen és képviseleti demokrácia 1956-ban
Recently, it has been argued by many that what happened in Hungary in 1956 may not be defi ned as a revolution, as the intention was not to create something new but to restore (with modifi cations) an earlier state. However, the present paper argues that in 1956 (along with -and, to be more precise, also closely related to -a war of freedom for national independence and sovereignty) there was a revolution in Hungary. It was a socialist revolution, which aimed at workers' taking power in their
... ng power in their own hands and exercise power themselves. At the same time, the Hungarian October was a return to the era of labor movement before Bolshevik expropriation. Th is co-existence of direct and representative democracy was to accompany the dual (or rather triple) nature of ownership structure. Th e nationalization of mines, banks and industries (and the restoration of large estates) was not an issue in 1956. However, serious changes started to occur in the ownership structure of the means of production. Consequently, 1956 is to be considered a revolution.