The Prevalence of Mycoplasma Hyopneumoniae in Commercial Suckling Pigs in Thailand

Alongkot Boonsoongnern, Pichai Jirawattanapong, Preeda Lertwatcharasarakul, Sakukuna Phatthanakunanan, Pariwat Poolperm, Supanee Urairong, Wichian Navasakuljinda, Kitcha Urairong
2012 World Journal of Vaccines  
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of M. hyopneumoniae infection in suckling pigs. Nasal swabs were collected from 300 suckling pigs originating from five farrow-to-finishing farms. One farm had a confirmed PRDC problem (farm A) and four other farms previously had a PRDC problem (farms B, C, D and E). Thirty (30) lactating sows in parity 1, 2 and 3 were selected from each farm (Ten sows per parity). Two piglets from each sow were randomly sampled for nasal swab at 3 weeks of
more » ... ge. The samples were analyzed by the nested PCR technique. Forty five per cent (27/60) of nasal swabs from farm A were found positive. On the other hand, a total of 2.08 per cent were found positive (5/240) from farm B, C, D and E. The tendency of piglet infection per sow by parity showed that first parity had more prevalence than the second and the third parity (60%, 55%, 20%), respectively. We have found a correction between M. hyopneumoniae early infection in suckling pigs and a confirmed PRDC problem (farm A) as oppose to farms that did not have a PRDC problem. The strategies to prevent M. hyopneumoniae early infection are to maintain good lactation, antibiotic prevention program and early M. hyopneumoniae vaccination.
doi:10.4236/wjv.2012.23021 fatcat:vz4oaafpwzeh5lyvaccasb3xs4