Pharmacovigilance-A Review

Lalita Patil, Swapnil Patil, Sarika Hubale, Rahul Mane
[(1)3: 25-29] © 2015 IJSRST | Volume 1 | Issue 3 | Print ABSTRACT Pharmacovigilance is an important and integral part of clinical research. Despite its 40 years history, pharmacovigilance remains a dynamic clinical and scientific discipline. It continues to play a crucial role in meeting the challenges posed by the ever increasing range and potency of medicines. When adverse effects and toxicity do appear especially, when previously unknown, it is essential that these are reported, analysed and
more » ... their significance communicated effectively to an audience that has the knowledge to interpret the information, which carry an inevitable and some for all medicines there is a trade-off between the benefits and the potential for harm. The harm can be minimized by ensuring that medicines of good quality, safety and efficacy are used rationally and that the expectations and concerns of the patient are taken into account when therapeutic decisions are made. Taking medicines and prescribing them are among the commonest of activities of people who are unwell and of those who care for them. It makes sense that those medicines should be monitored to equally demanding standards as those evident in the development and evaluation of drugs and that prescribing habits and the extent of rational and cost-effective use should be reviewed. Responsibility for the holistic approach to drug safety that is encompassed in the science and practice of pharmacovigilance as reflected in this article has to be shared if ideal practice is to be achieved. The scientists, clinicians, pharmaceutical manufacturers, drug developers, regulators, public policy makers, patients and the general public all have their own complementary roles in achieving what is envisaged.