Gut microbial structural variations as determinants of human bile acid metabolism [article]

Daoming Wang, Marwah Doestzada, Lianmin Chen, Sergio Andreu-Sánchez, Inge C.L. van den Munckhof, Hannah Augustijn, Martijn Koehorst, Vincent W. Bloks, Niels P. Riksen, Joost H.W. Rutten, Mihai G. Netea, Alexandra Zhernakova (+2 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Bile acids (BAs) facilitate intestinal fat absorption and act as important signaling molecules in host-gut microbiota crosstalk. BA-metabolizing pathways in the microbial community have been identified, but how the highly variable genomes of gut bacteria interact with host BA metabolism remains largely unknown. We characterized 8,282 structural variants (SVs) of 55 bacterial species in the gut microbiomes of 1,437 individuals from two Dutch cohorts and performed a systematic association study
more » ... th 39 plasma BA parameters. Both variations in SV-based continuous genetic makeup and discrete subspecies showed correlations with BA metabolism. Metagenome-wide association analysis identified 797 replicable associations between bacterial SVs and BAs and SV regulators that mediate the effects of lifestyle factors on BA metabolism. This is the first large-scale microbial genetic association analysis to demonstrate the impact of bacterial SVs on human BA composition, and highlights the potential of targeting gut microbiota to regulate BA metabolism through lifestyle intervention.
doi:10.1101/2021.02.28.432952 fatcat:2cd2egng5jh2lhmuvzovagloym