Molecular Diagnosis of Friedreich Ataxia Using Analysis of GAA Repeats andFXNGene Exons in Population from Western India
Asian Journal of Neuroscience
The diagnosis of Friedreich ataxia is based on the clinical symptoms and GAA repeats expansions. In our experience, checkingFXNgene exons for mutations along with GAA repeat analysis may give better clue for its diagnosis. In the present study, total 49 suspected Friedreich ataxia patients were analyzed for GAA repeat expansion. Eleven patients have normal number of GAA repeats, thereby termed as FRDA negative patients. Thirty-eight patients showed no amplification using GAA repeat analysis.
... ce no conclusion was possible based on these results, these patients were designated as uninformative. We have analyzed 5 exons of theFXNgene in FRDA negative and uninformative patients to check for possible mutations. It was observed that there were no mutations found in any of FRDA negative and most uninformative patients. We further used long range PCR to check for deletion of exon 5a. It was found that 18 patients showed expression for exon 5a PCR but none in long range PCR. Five patients showed no expression for exon 5a PCR as well as long range PCR indicating that these 5 patients may be positive FRDA patients. These findings need to be correlated with clinical history of these patients for confirmation.