Eigenvectors from Eigenvalues Sparse Principal Component Analysis (EESPCA) [article]

H. Robert Frost
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present a novel technique for sparse principal component analysis. This method, named Eigenvectors from Eigenvalues Sparse Principal Component Analysis (EESPCA), is based on the formula for computing squared eigenvector loadings of a Hermitian matrix from the eigenvalues of the full matrix and associated sub-matrices. We explore two versions of the EESPCA method: a version that uses a fixed threshold for inducing sparsity and a version that selects the threshold via cross-validation.
more » ... to the state-of-the-art sparse PCA methods of Witten et al., Yuan & Zhang and Tan et al., the fixed threshold EESPCA technique offers an order-of-magnitude improvement in computational speed, does not require estimation of tuning parameters via cross-validation, and can more accurately identify true zero principal component loadings across a range of data matrix sizes and covariance structures. Importantly, the EESPCA method achieves these benefits while maintaining out-of-sample reconstruction error and PC estimation error close to the lowest error generated by all evaluated approaches. EESPCA is a practical and effective technique for sparse PCA with particular relevance to computationally demanding statistical problems such as the analysis of high-dimensional data sets or application of statistical techniques like resampling that involve the repeated calculation of sparse PCs.
arXiv:2006.01924v3 fatcat:qikjgxi4cfesxo3awmcz4l54xy