D K Saraswat, P H Fung, A Dong, R Sultanian, O Farooq, C Wong
2020 Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology  
Background Over 26000 new cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) are diagnosed each year in Canada. This number has been decreased significantly by the implementation of CRC screening that includes removal of any polyps found during colonoscopies. Despite this, approximately 1 in 4 colonoscopies are inadequate for the detection of early neoplasms due to insufficient bowel preparation prior to the colonoscopy. Consequently, there is a need to improve patient adherence to the bowel preparation
more » ... Previous research has shown that enhanced education, including the methods and rationale for bowel preparation prior to a colonoscopy, improves the quality of the bowel preparation. Aims We hypothesised that patients with access to a replayable video explaining the bowel preparation protocol and its importance would have increased satisfaction and noninferior bowel preparations. Methods 100 patients undergoing programmatic screening colonoscopy were randomly assigned into one of two groups. The control group was given the standard presentation currently given to patients. The experimental group was given the same presentation and also given access to an educational video. This video is based on Alberta provincial bowel preparations which have been tested and evaluated. Participants in both groups were sent a survey one day after their colonoscopy. Subjects completed a modified version of the Outpatient and Ambulatory Surgery Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey with added questions designed to assess their satisfaction with the education they received on the bowel preparation. Bowel preparation quality was assessed on a 4-point Likert scale by the endoscopist. Results 17 participants (10 female), aged 40–72 (Mage = 60) have enrolled in the study thus far; however, most have yet to have their colonoscopy. Initial results revealed that all participants had high levels of satisfaction with the presentation they were given. Those in the control group indicated that they would have liked to have had access to a video guide to the bowel preparation before their procedure. The participant in the experimental group indicated high levels of satisfaction with this video, noting that it provided important information not available from other sources. Information on the quality of their bowel preparations is pending. Conclusions The use of multimedia explanations of the bowel preparation has promise in improving patient satisfaction with the bowel preparation. Further studies may guide best methods for implementing a video assisted educational model to enhance colonoscopy preparation. Funding Agencies The first author received an Edna Wakefield Rowe Memorial Summer Research Award from the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta to support this work.
doi:10.1093/jcag/gwz047.159 fatcat:2vn3kwpx2rcqdcb7lzjhg5ykei