Physics-Guided Deep Learning for Dynamical Systems: A Survey [article]

Rui Wang, Rose Yu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Modeling complex physical dynamics is a fundamental task in science and engineering. Traditional physics-based models are sample efficient, interpretable but often rely on rigid assumptions. Furthermore, direct numerical approximation is usually computationally intensive, requiring significant computational resources and expertise. While deep learning (DL) provides novel alternatives for efficiently recognizing complex patterns and emulating nonlinear dynamics, its predictions do not
more » ... obey the governing laws of physical systems, nor do they generalize well across different systems. Thus, the study of physics-guided DL emerged and has gained great progress. Physics-guided DL aims to take the best from both physics-based modeling and state-of-the-art DL models to better solve scientific problems. In this paper, we provide a structured overview of existing methodologies of integrating prior physical knowledge or physics-based modeling into DL, with a special emphasis on learning dynamical systems. We also discuss the fundamental challenges and emerging opportunities in the area.
arXiv:2107.01272v5 fatcat:k6hhdt6csnfebgkzrpuoeqkwzi