The frozen elephant trunk technique for acute retrograde type A aortic dissection: preliminary results
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
OBJECTIVES Our goal was to determine the early and midterm outcomes after total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique compared to those of the conventional elephant trunk (ET) technique for acute retrograde type A aortic dissection. METHODS Between 2012 and 2019, a total of 49 patients had total arch replacement for acute retrograde type A aortic dissection. Patients were divided into the conventional ET (n = 17) and FET (n = 32) groups. The false lumen status was
... men status was evaluated using enhanced computed tomography (CT) 1 week postoperatively. The diameter of the downstream aorta was evaluated annually using CT. The median follow-up period was 29 months. RESULTS Preoperative data and neurological complications were not significantly different in the 2 groups. The diameter and length of the ET prosthesis were significantly larger and longer in the FET group. The overall early mortality rate was 10.2% (5/49) with no differences between the 2 groups. The mean follow-up period was significantly longer in the conventional ET group. The rates of freedom from aortic events at 3 years were significantly lower in the FET group. At the level of the distal arch, postoperative false lumen patency was significantly lower and the follow-up aortic diameter was significantly smaller in the FET group. CONCLUSIONS The FET technique facilitates false lumen thrombosis and aortic remodelling at the distal arch level, with fewer adverse aortic events during the follow-up period with acceptable early outcomes; however, these findings are exploratory and require investigation.