Interpretive Perspective of Knowledge Management Stance in Agricultural Knowledge Information System to Fostering Research/Extension Linkage

2009 American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science  
Problem statement: Knowledge Management (KM) as a "starter" and Agricultural Knowledge Information System (AKIS) act as an "engine" to sustainable development. Approach: This article explored the role of KM as Agricultural Knowledge Initiative (AKI) to link up agricultural research and extension to foster agricultural development. A dominant-less dominant design was applied to describe the KM and AKIS integration frameworks as an interpretive process. Clarification of KM stance in AKIS was made
more » ... ce in AKIS was made through hermeneutic approach in the qualitative part of the study. In quantitative part of the study, 'Expedite Finding Transmission of Agricultural Research (EFTAR) Project was explained as the empirical evidence. Results: Although KM and AKIS were not new concepts in agricultural science, but AKI and the New Agriculture (NA), in the way that we intermingled them in this article to encourage the end-users' partnership and agricultural development, are quite new issues. Conclusion: To provide the domain of any use of proposed models elsewhere and facilitate the international application of KM in AKIS and AKI, practical suggestions were presented. Applying this state of art in agricultural development in over 1000 production units, caused obtaining 57% increase in rain fed wheat production in probationary areas in Iran. 231 easily processed by a computer, transmitted electronically, or stored in databases. And finally, the third category is implicit knowledge which is the result of perception without awareness closer to "knowing that" (explicit knowledge) than "knowing how" (tacit knowledge) [11] . Knowledge management: Historically, the term "knowledge management" was first introduced in a 1986 keynote address to a European Management Conference [6] . It is the name of a concept in which an enterprise consciously and comprehensively gathers, organizes, shares and analyzes its knowledge in terms of resources, documents and skills. Hence, it is a set of activities with its own tools and techniques [36] and a method for gathering information and making it available to others [1, 2, 36] . The challenge of KM is to determine what information within an organization qualifies as valuable. All information is not knowledge and all knowledge is not valuable. The key is to find the worthwhile knowledge within a vast sea of information [24] . Liebowitz [25] interprets KM as:
doi:10.3844/ajabssp.2009.230.241 fatcat:upvki6qrrfgarf572x3mgddmw4