Stimulus-Dependent BOLD and Perfusion Dynamics in Human V1

Richard D. Hoge, Jeff Atkinson, Brad Gill, Gérard R. Crelier, Sean Marrett, G.Bruce Pike
1999 NeuroImage  
Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI signals often exhibit pronounced over-or undershoot upon changes in stimulation state. Current models postulate that this is due to the delayed onset or decay of perfusion-dependent attenuating responses such as increased cerebral blood volume or oxygen consumption, which are presumed to lag behind the rapid adjustment of blood flow rate to a new steady-state level. If this view is correct, then BOLD overshoot amplitudes in a specific tissue volume
more » ... hould be correlated with steady-state increases in perfusion, independent of stimulus type. To test this prediction, we simultaneously recorded BOLD and relative perfusion signals in primary visual cortex while inducing graded perfusion increases with three types of visual stimulus. Two of these, a diffuse chromatic stimulus with no luminance variation and a very high spatial frequency luminance grating, did not produce detectable BOLD overshoot (or undershoot) when an equal mean luminance baseline was used. Radial checkerboard stimuli, however, caused pronounced over/undershoot of both BOLD and perfusion signals even when temporal mean luminance was held constant and stimulus contrast was adjusted to produce the same steady-state blood flow increases evoked by the other stimuli. Transient amplitudes were relatively invariant in spite of large changes in steady-state response, demonstrating nonlinear BOLD and perfusion step responses in human V1. These findings suggest that, rather than a purely tissue-specific biomechanical or metabolic phenomenon, BOLD overshoot and undershoot represent transient features in the perfusion signal whose effects may be amplified by slowly evolving blood volume changes. 1999 Academic Press
doi:10.1006/nimg.1999.0443 pmid:10334901 fatcat:zlnwfauw3vaohh4opofaijrmeu