Repair of Radiation Damage to Deoxyribonucleic Acid in Germinating Spores of Bacillus subtilis
Journal of Bacteriology
The repair of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in germinating spores was studied in comparison with that in vegetative cells. Radiation-induced single-strand breaks in the DNA of spores and of vegetative cells of Bacillus subtilis were rejoined during postirradiation incubation. The molecular weight of single-stranded DNA was restored to the level of nonirradiatec cells. The rate of the rejoining of DNA strand breaks in irradiated spores was essentially equal to that in irradiated vegetative cells.
... he rejoining in spores germinating in nutrient medium occurred in the absence of detectable DNA synthesis. In this state, normal DNA synthesis was not initiated. Very little DNA degradation occurred during the rejoining process. On the other hand, in vegetative cells the rejoining process was accompanied by a relatively large amount of DNA synthesis and DNA degradation in nutrient medium. The rejoining occurred in phosphate buffer in vegetative cells but not in spores in which germination was not induced. Chloramphenicol did not interfere with the rejoining process in either germinating spores or vegetative cells, indicating that the rejoining takes place in the absence of de novo synthesis of repair enzyme. In the radiation-sensitive strain uvs-80, the capacity for rejoining radiation-induced strand breaks was reduced both in spores and in vegetative cells, suggesting that the rejoining mechanism of germinating spores is not specific to the germination process. supplemented with L-tryptophan (50 Ag/ml) and thy-925 on May 8, 2020 by guest