The role and importance of antiagregan, anticoagulant drugs in the etiology of upper gastrointestinal system bleeding in elderly
Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital Medical Journal
In this study, we aimed to determine the role of anticoagulants and antiagregan medications in the etiology and prognosis of the upper gastrointestinal system (GIS) bleeding in elderly patients. Methods: One hundred and eighty-four patients who were admitted to the emergency department with the complaints of upper GIS bleeding between January and December 2016 were evaluated retrospectively regarding the age, gender, complaints, drugs, endoscopy findings, intensive care requirement and
... rement and mortality. Results: The mean age of 184 patients was 78.3±7.9 years. 112 (60.9%) of them were male and 72 (39.1%) of them were female. 128 (69.6%) of the patients applied with only melena, 32(17.4%) with only hematemesis and 24 (13%) were admitted with both hematemesis and melena. Of the patients, 139 (75.9%) were treated in the internal medicine clinic and 31 (16.8%) were treated in the intensive care unit and 12 (6.5%) were expired. The most commonly used drug was acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) (31.5%) and the most common endoscopic finding was peptic ulcer (55.4%). The mean age of the patients treated in the intensive care unit was 81±7.2years, and 18 (58.1%) of those patients were male. The most common endoscopic finding was peptic ulcer-Forrest 2A (16.2%) and ASA (35.5%) was also the most common drug in that group. The mean age of the 12 patients who were expired was 75.3±7.2 years and 8 (66.7%) of them were male. In 12 patients, the most common endoscopic finding was the peptic ulcer and the most frequent drug was warfarin (33%).