Ankhd1 enhances polycystic kidney disease development via promoting proliferation and fibrosis [article]

Foteini Patera, Guillaume M Hautbergue, Patricia D Wilson, Paul C Evans, Albert CM Ong, Maria Fragiadaki
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is the most common genetic kidney disorder resulting in 10% of patients with renal failure. The molecular events responsible for the relentless growth of cysts are not defined. Thus, identification of novel drivers of ADPKD may lead to new therapies. Ankyrin Repeat and Single KH domain-1 (ANKHD1) controls cancer cell proliferation, yet its role in ADPKD is unexplored. Here, we present the first data that identify ANKHD1 as a driver of
more » ... a driver of proliferative growth in cellular and mouse models of ADPKD. Using the first Ankhd1-deficient mice, we demonstrate that Ankhd1 heterozygosity potently reduces cystic growth and fibrosis, in a genetically orthologous mouse model of ADPKD. We performed transcriptome-wide profiling of patient-derived ADPKD cells with and without ANKHD1 siRNA silencing, revealing a major role for ANKHD1 in the control of cell proliferation and matrix remodelling. We validated the role of ANKHD1 in enhancing proliferation in patient-derived cells. Mechanistically ANKHD1 promotes STAT5 signalling in ADPKD mice. Hence, ANKHD1 is a novel driver of ADPKD, and its inhibition may be of therapeutic benefit.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.04.977017 fatcat:ocsq2pmzsjarvbyhduo2gaskwy