Maudsley's Body and Will [review-book]

1883 Science  
Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid--seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non--commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal
more » ... ntent at JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact 600 600 SCIE1 SCIE1 to put upon paper the rather searching register of replies. The narrowest scope of inquiry, to be of any value, must embrace three generations; but the results will be far more reliable when they cover four. The latter would relate to at least thirty-six persons, which Mr. Galton reckons as follows: " On the side of the contributor there are his two parents, four grand-parents, an average of three uncles and aunts on each of the two sides, three brothers or sisters, and himself: this makes sixteen persons. There is another set of sixteen for the relatives of his wife in the same degrees. Lastly, I allow an average of four children." A single family register of this size, therefore, at least involves the filling-out of nearly thirty-six of the schedules, which will be no light task, even with the most favorable opportunities of obtaining information. The persons whom Mr. Galton anticipates will assist him the most are young physicians, married and with children. In case the grand-parents are living, their field of information will naturally be very wide. Partly as an inducement to men of this class to undertake such a task, partly as a pecuniary return for the time which it must necessarily occupy, a series of prizes will be offered, amounting, altogether, to ?500, including, probably, ten prizes of ?25 each, and others not to exceed ?50 nor fall short of ?5. The returns are to be sent with mottoes, but no signature; the name and address to be enclosed in a separate envelope bearing the motto. The merit of the returns will be estimated by the' clearness and exhaustiveness of statement, the number of generations treated of, and the appendix (see beyond). The returns asked for are in abstract as follows: 1. A separate and full biological history of each member of the family in the direct line of ascent; 2. A very brief statement of the main biological facts in the lives of members of the collateral lines of ascent, that is, of the uncles and aunts, great-uncles and great-aunts, etc.; 3. A full description of the main sources of information for 1 and 2; 4. An appendix which will include an analysis of the medical history of the family, showing the peculiarities which have, and have not, been transmitted, and their identical or changed form. All commun ications to be addressed to Francis Galton, 42 Rutland Gate, London (S. W.), England. Mr. Galton has reduced the collection of statistics to a fine art, having arranged this schedule with the greatest ingenuity. The near and remote relationships are indicated by simple symbols; and, by means of horizontal and transverse columns, the required facts can be condensed into an astonishingly small space. Each schedule is intended to cover six periods in the life of the person described, from childhood to late in life, and at each of these periods to give a statement of, A, conditions of life; B, personal description; C, medical life-history. Under A are such topics as town or country residence, and sanitary influences generally. Under B are descriptions of feature and physique, of habits of work and muscular force and quickness, keenness of sight and dexterity, artistic and allied capacities, peculiarities of character and temperament. Under C are diseases, accidents, malformations, age at death, etc. Other facts solicited are, order of birth, age at marriage, number and sex of children. All this is upon one side of a double sheet, and relates to one person in the direct line of ascent. Upon the reverse of the sheet, similar inquiries are made in the collateral lines, or among the brothers and sisters of the person described. Mr. Galton believes that the interest in each family