Energy-charge dependence for Q-balls

T.A. Ioannidou, V.B. Kopeliovich, N.D. Vlachos
2003 Nuclear Physics B  
We show that many numerically established properties of Q-balls can be understood in terms of analytic approximations for a certain type of potential. In particular, we derive an explicit formula between the energy and the charge of the Q-ball valid for a wide range of the charge Q.
doi:10.1016/s0550-3213(03)00266-9 fatcat:rbndjewkhvg6dn3itp3lu5fsbm