Scalar-tensor cosmologies and their late time evolution

David I. Santiago, Dimitri Kalligas, Robert V. Wagoner
1998 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
We study the asymptotic behavior at late times of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (uniform density) cosmological models within scalar-tensor theories of gravity. Particularly, we analyze the late time behavior in the present (matter dominated) epoch of the universe. The result of Damour and Nordtvedt that for a massless scalar in a flat cosmology the Universe evolves towards a state indistinguishable from general relativity is generalized. We first study a massless scalar field in an open universe.
more » ... an open universe. It is found that, while the universe tends to approach a state with less scalar contribution to gravity, the attractor mechanism is not effective enough to drive the theory towards a final state indistinguishable from general relativity. For the self-interacting case it is found that the scalar field potential dominates the late time behavior. In most cases this makes the attractor mechanism effective, thus resulting in a theory of gravity with vanishingly small scalar contribution even for the open Universe.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.58.124005 fatcat:uxsynq36rfgtjg5vugbrefb2yi