Acidic Fibroblast Growth Factor Induces an Antifibrogenic Phenotype in Human Lung Fibroblasts
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1), a prototype member of the heparin-binding growth factor family, influences proliferation, differentiation, and protein synthesis in different cell types. However, its possible role on lung extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism has not been evaluated. In this study we examined the effects of FGF-1 and FGF-1 plus heparin on type I collagen, collagen-binding stress protein HSP47, interstitial collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase [MMP]-1), gelatinase A, and
... tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 expression by normal human lung fibroblasts. Heparin was used because it enhances the biologic activities of FGF-1. Fibroblasts were exposed either to 20 ng/ml FGF-1 plus 100 g/ml heparin for 48 h or to FGF-1 or heparin alone. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was analyzed by Northern blot. Collagen synthesis was evaluated by digestion of [ 3 H]collagen with bacterial collagenase, MMP-1 by Western blot, and gelatinolytic activities by zymography. Our results show that FGF-1 induced collagenase mRNA expression, which was strongly enhanced when FGF-1 was used with heparin. Likewise, both FGF-1 and FGF-1 plus heparin reduced by 70 to 80% the expression of type I collagen transcript, in part through effect on pro-␣ 1(I) collagen mRNA stability. A downregulation of HSP47 gene expression was also observed. Synthesis of collagen and collagenase proteins paralleled gene expression results. FGF-1 activities were abolished with genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Neither FGF-1 nor FGF-1 plus heparin affected the expression of TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and gelatinase A. These findings demonstrate that FGF-1, mostly in the presence of heparin, upregulates collagenase and downregulates type I collagen expression that might have a protective role in avoiding collagen accumulation during lung ECM remodeling. Becerril, C., A. Pardo, M. Montaño, C. Ramos, R. Ramírez, and M. Selman. 1999. Acidic fibroblast growth factor induces an antifibrogenic phenotype in human lung fibroblasts. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol.