Constructing inferences during narrative text comprehension

Arthur C. Graesser, Murray Singer, Tom Trabasso
1994 Psychological review  
The authors describe a constructionist theory that accounts for the knowledge-based inferences that are constructed when readers comprehend narrative text. Readers potentially generate a rich variety of inferences when they construct a referential situation model of what the text is about. The proposed constructionist theory specifies that some, but not all, of this information is constructed under most conditions of comprehension. The distinctive assumptions of the constructionist theory
more » ... ionist theory embrace a principle of search (or effort) after meaning. According to this principle, readers attempt to construct a meaning representation that addresses the reader's goals, that is coherent at both local and global levels, and that explains why actions, events, and states are mentioned in the text. This study reviews empirical evidence that addresses this theory and contrasts it with alternative theoretical frameworks.
doi:10.1037/0033-295x.101.3.371 pmid:7938337 fatcat:ym5h5vvmefeojd6i3nbjac3kvy