Human homologue of yeast Rad23 protein A interacts with p300/cyclic AMP-responsive element binding (CREB)-binding protein to down-regulate transcriptional activity of p53
The tumor suppressor protein p53 regulates various cellular responses to DNA damage and plays a significant role in DNA repair. The nuclear p300/cyclic AMP-responsive element binding (CREB)-binding protein (CBP) proteins act as coactivators in supporting the transcription function of p53. We examined the role of the human homologue of yeast Rad23 protein A (hHR23A), one of the two human homologues of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae nucleotide excision repair gene product Rad23, in the
... ciated regulation of p53 activity. Overexpression of wild-type hHR23A inhibits the p53 transcriptional activity and results in a decreased steady-state protein level of cellular p53. The inhibitory effect of hHR23A can be overcome by the concomitant expression of p300, CBP, and p300 segments harboring C/H1 domain and neutralized by the coexpression of HIV accessory protein Vpr, which binds COOH terminus of hHR23A/B. Additionally, hHR23A was shown to interact in vitro and in vivo with p300 segments harboring C/H1 domain. These studies provide evidence for the involvement of hHR23A in the regulation of p53 activity through p300/CBP. Although the precise direct role of hHR23 proteins in regulation of p53 and DNA repair remains to be elucidated, our data suggest that the interaction between hHR23A and p300/CBP has important implications in cross-talk between the p53 pathway and DNA repair.