The structural properties of a two-Yukawa fluid: Simulation and analytical results

Matteo Broccio, Dino Costa, Yun Liu, Sow-Hsin Chen
2006 Journal of Chemical Physics  
Structure and thermodynamics of a two-dimensional Coulomb fluid in the strong association regime Quasi-two-dimensional fluids can be generated by confining a fluid between two parallel walls with narrow separation. Such fluids exhibit an inhomogeneous structure perpendicular to the walls due to the loss of translational symmetry. Taking the transversal degrees of freedom as a perturbation to an appropriate 2D reference fluid we provide a systematic expansion of the m-particle density for
more » ... ry m. To leading order in the slit width this density factorizes into the densities of the transversal and lateral degrees of freedom. Explicit expressions for the next-to-leading order terms are elaborated analytically quantifying the onset of inhomogeneity. The case m = 1 yields the density profile with a curvature given by an integral over the pair-distribution function of the corresponding 2D reference fluid, which reduces to its 2D contact value in the case of pure excluded-volume interactions. Interestingly, we find that the 2D limit is subtle and requires stringent conditions on the fluid-wall interactions. We quantify the rapidity of convergence for various structural quantities to their 2D counterparts.
doi:10.1063/1.2166390 pmid:16512723 fatcat:g7bzafsmdjasng4w7u32vwofpa