Rheology of the Zagros Lithosphere from PostSeismic Deformation of the 2017 Mw7.3 Kermanshah, Iraq, Earthquake

Xiaoran Lv, Falk Amelung, Yun Shao, Shu Ye, Ming Liu, Chou Xie
2020 Remote Sensing  
We use 2018–2020 Sentinel1 InSAR time series data to study postseismic deformation processes following the 2017 Mw 7.3 Kermanshah, Iraq earthquake. We remove displacements caused by two large aftershock sequences from the displacement field. We find that for a six month period the response is dominated by afterslip along the updip extension of the coseismic rupture zone, producing up to 6 cm of radar lineofsight displacements. The moment magnitude of afterslip is Mw 5.9 or 12% of the mainshock
more » ... oment. After that period, the displacement field is best explained by viscoelastic relaxation and a lower crustal viscosity of ηlc=1-0.4+0.8×1019Pas. The viscosity of the uppermost mantle is not constrained by the data, except that it is larger than 0.6×1019Pas. The relatively high lower crustal and uppermost mantle viscosities are consistent with a cold and dry lithosphere of the Zagros region.
doi:10.3390/rs12122032 fatcat:4do7ukm5eveoviv7ge52ee3nyy