Multi-dimensional data integration algorithm based on random walk with restart

Yuqi Wen, Xinyu Song, Bowei Yan, Xiaoxi Yang, Lianlian Wu, Dongjin Leng, Song He, Xiaochen Bo
2021 BMC Bioinformatics  
Background The accumulation of various multi-omics data and computational approaches for data integration can accelerate the development of precision medicine. However, the algorithm development for multi-omics data integration remains a pressing challenge. Results Here, we propose a multi-omics data integration algorithm based on random walk with restart (RWR) on multiplex network. We call the resulting methodology Random Walk with Restart for multi-dimensional data Fusion (RWRF). RWRF uses
more » ... ilarity network of samples as the basis for integration. It constructs the similarity network for each data type and then connects corresponding samples of multiple similarity networks to create a multiplex sample network. By applying RWR on the multiplex network, RWRF uses stationary probability distribution to fuse similarity networks. We applied RWRF to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data to identify subtypes in different cancer data sets. Three types of data (mRNA expression, DNA methylation, and microRNA expression data) are integrated and network clustering is conducted. Experiment results show that RWRF performs better than single data type analysis and previous integrative methods. Conclusions RWRF provides powerful support to users to decipher the cancer molecular subtypes, thus may benefit precision treatment of specific patients in clinical practice.
doi:10.1186/s12859-021-04029-3 pmid:33639858 fatcat:xehcfth76bem7o5vttqqoeru3m