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Policy Research Working Papers
Indonesia faces serious challenges in the number, cost, quality, and distribution of teachers. This paper examines the role of political economy factors in producing these challenges and shaping efforts to resolve them. It argues that the challenges have their origins in the way in which political and bureaucratic elites have for decades used the school system to accumulate resources, distribute patronage, mobilize political support, and exercise political control. This orientation has meantdoi:10.1596/1813-9450-7913 fatcat:a4ocfufhazejhl6dnb7dakbtay