A Query Understanding Framework for Earth Data Discovery

Yun Li, Yongyao Jiang, Justin C. Goldstein, Lewis J. Mcgibbney, Chaowei Yang
2020 Applied Sciences  
One longstanding complication with Earth data discovery involves understanding a user's search intent from the input query. Most of the geospatial data portals use keyword-based match to search data. Little attention has focused on the spatial and temporal information from a query or understanding the query with ontology. No research in the geospatial domain has investigated user queries in a systematic way. Here, we propose a query understanding framework and apply it to fill the gap by better
more » ... interpreting a user's search intent for Earth data search engines and adopting knowledge that was mined from metadata and user query logs. The proposed query understanding tool contains four components: spatial and temporal parsing; concept recognition; Named Entity Recognition (NER); and, semantic query expansion. Spatial and temporal parsing detects the spatial bounding box and temporal range from a query. Concept recognition isolates clauses from free text and provides the search engine phrases instead of a list of words. Name entity recognition detects entities from the query, which inform the search engine to query the entities detected. The semantic query expansion module expands the original query by adding synonyms and acronyms to phrases in the query that was discovered from Web usage data and metadata. The four modules interact to parse a user's query from multiple perspectives, with the goal of understanding the consumer's quest intent for data. As a proof-of-concept, the framework is applied to oceanographic data discovery. It is demonstrated that the proposed framework accurately captures a user's intent.
doi:10.3390/app10031127 fatcat:upw3hqz4kzembenzosqvyyicpi