Measurement of the 3He mass diffusion coefficient in superfluid 4He over the 0.45–0.95 K temperature range
We have measured the mass diffusion coefficient D of 3He in superfluid 4He at temperatures lower than were previously possible. The experimental technique utilizes scintillation light produced when neutron react with 3He nuclei, and allows measurement of the 3He density integrated along the trajectory of a well-defined neutron beam. By measuring the change in 3He density near a heater as a function of applied heat current, we are able to infer values of D with 20 10^-4 we find
... (6.5 -/+ 1.2) cm^2/s, in agreement with a theoretical approximation.