Elimination of second-harmonics in CMUTs using square pulse excitation

Anders Lei, Soren Elmin Diederichsen, Sebastian Molbech Hansen, Matthias Bo Stuart, Jan Peter Bagge, Jorgen Arendt Jensen, Erik Vilain Thomsen
2016 2016 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS)  
The harmonic imaging mode is today a fundamental part of ultrasound imaging; it is not only used for suppressing the grating lobe artifact, but also to reduce many other acoustical artifacts in the ultrasound image. A vital performance parameter for accepting CMUT probes as a clinical usable transducer technology is, that it can support harmonic imaging. The large bandwidth of the CMUT is a clear advantage for harmonic imaging, but the inherent nonlinear behavior of the CMUT poses an issue as
more » ... is difficult to dissociate the harmonics generated in the tissue from the harmonic content of the transmitted signal. This work presents how proper pulse coding of a bipolar pulser, which is present in most commercial ultrasound scanners, can reduce the intrinsic generated harmonic to fundamental pressure amplitude ratio to below −35 dB, making CMUT probes usable for clinical applications.
doi:10.1109/ultsym.2016.7728824 fatcat:vwuha3jcnnbsrl7xkuo73i4jfy