A Computational Framework for Identifying Age Risks in Drug-Adverse Event Pairs [article]

Zhizhen Zhao, Ruoqi Liu, Lei Wang, Lang Li, Chi Song, Ping Zhang
2022 medRxiv   pre-print
The identification of associations between drugs and adverse drug events (ADEs) is crucial for drug safety surveillance. An increasing number of studies have revealed that children and seniors are susceptible to ADEs at the population level. However, the comprehensive explorations of age risks in drug-ADE pairs are still limited. The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) provides individual case reports, which can be used for quantifying different age risks. In this study, we developed a
more » ... atistical computational framework to detect age group of patients who are susceptible to some ADEs after taking specific drugs. We adopted different Chi-squared tests and conducted disproportionality analysis to detect drug-ADE pairs with age differences. We analyzed 4,580,113 drug-ADE pairs in FAERS (2004 to 2018Q3) and identified 2,523 pairs with the highest age risk. Furthermore, we conducted a case study on statin-induced ADE in children and youth. The code and results are available at https://github.com/Zhizhen-Zhao/Age-Risk-Identification
doi:10.1101/2022.01.07.22268907 fatcat:4ib472vlqzahngkp2quse26434