Provisional hypotheses for the molecular genetics of cognitive development: Imaging genetic pathways in the anterior cingulate cortex

John Fossella, Jin Fan, Xun Liu, Kevin Guise, Karin Brocki, Patrick R. Hof, Raja Kittappa, Ronald McKay, Michael Posner
2008 Biological Psychology  
Brain imaging genetic research involves a multitude of methods and spans many traditional levels of analysis. Given the vast permutations among several million common genetic variants with thousands of brain tissue voxels and a wide array of cognitive tasks that activate specific brain systems, we are prompted to develop specific hypotheses that synthesize converging evidence and state clear predictions about the anatomical sources, magnitude and direction (increases vs. decreases) of
more » ... task-specific brain activity associations. To begin to develop a framework for shaping our imaging genetic hypotheses, we focus on previous results and the wider imaging genetic literature. Particular emphasis is placed on converging evidence that links system-level and biochemical studies with models of synaptic function. In shaping our own imaging genetic hypotheses on the development of Attention Networks, we review relevant literature on core models of synaptic physiology and development in the anterior cingulate cortex. #
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.006 pmid:18261834 pmcid:PMC2570040 fatcat:un57liw6rbgxrpwsngpy2fsejm