The Relations Between Traumatic Exposures, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Anger in Male and Female Veterans

Miranda Worthen
2011 Journal of Feminist Family Therapy  
Military personnel who have served in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) have experienced high rates of combat exposure, which is associated with PTSD. Less is known about the relations between Military Sexual Trauma (sexual harassment, assault, and rape while serving in the military, MST) and PTSD. Little is known about anger problems in this OEF/OIF Veteran population, which research from prior conflicts suggests may be a consequence of both traumas and PTSD.
more » ... traumas and PTSD. Anger is an emotional state closely related to aggression, hostility, and violence. Veterans who have difficulty controlling anger are at greater risk of interpersonal and employment problems. Uncontrolled anger can lead to aggressive or violent behavior, posing health risks to those around the Veteran and increasingly the likelihood that the Veteran will come into conflict with the law. This article contributes a review of the literature on what little is known about MST and PTSD as well as reviews literature on anger, which may be associated with high combat exposure or MST. Notably, there is almost no research on any of these problems among women Veterans. Given that women make up more than 15% of deployed service members in Iraq and Afghanistan, research on these relations in women is imperative.
doi:10.1080/08952833.2011.604535 fatcat:wr4cxydhnvhklnnvr5jefyz3zy