A study of knowledge about the diabetes type I and II, among diabetic patients in Geetanjali medical college and hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Diabetes education, with improvement in knowledge, attitudes and skills, leads to better control of the disease. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of diabetic patients about symptoms, risk factors, complications and prevention. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out to define level of knowledge regarding diabetes among diabetic patients attending IPD and OPD from Geetanjali medical college and hospital in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, during the study period of 1 st
... udy period of 1 st December 2015 to 30 th May 2016. A pre-constructed and pre tested questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge. Results: Among 300 respondents, males and females constituted 45% and 55% respectively. 96.0% aged ≥30 years. Nearly one third of patients were illiterates. About 64.3% of the patients have been diabetic since more than 5 years and majority of them 91.7% were of type II. Positive family history of diabetes was reported in 70% of patients. It was found that every patient under study knew that both genders could be involved with diabetes. The assessment regarding the knowledge of diabetes was good and they were having good knowledge about symptoms, risk factors and complications of diabetes. They also knew about the lifestyle which can prevent from diabetes. Conclusions: The overall average knowledge regarding diabetes was found among participants. Thus, still there is a need to provide periodic health education to the diagnosed patients so that this knowledge-application gap is narrowed down.