Sparse adaptive multipath tracking for low bandwidth ranging applications
2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
In this paper a novel algorithm for estimation and tracking of multipath components for range estimation using signals with low bandwidth is discussed. In multipath rich environments ranging becomes a challenging problem when used with low bandwidth signals: unless multipath interference is resolved, large ranging errors are typical. In this work the estimation and tracking of individual multipath components is studied. The new technique combines sparse Bayesian learning and variational
... variational Bayesian parameter estimation with Kalman filtering. While the former is used to detect and estimate the individual components, the Kalman filtering is used to track the estimated signals. Two assumptions are compared: independence of multipath components, typical for classical multipath estimation schemes, versus correlation between the propagation paths. The later has been found to improve component tracking and estimation at the cost of increased computational complexity. The performance of the algorithm is investigated using synthetic, as well as real measurement data collected during flight trials. Significantly improved ranging performance can be obtained as compared to the standard correlation-based ranging.