Improving the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 through reduction

Daoyu Zhang, Minnan Yang, Shuai Dong
2015 RSC Advances  
The up-shifts of both conduction and valence band edges of the reduced TiO2 result from the electric dipoles created by the reductant defect such as the bridging oxygen vacancy, bridging hydroxyl group or Ti interstitial atom.
doi:10.1039/c5ra05200a fatcat:62a3iratofbalmcl3q5o4kjbke