Generalizing the Kawaguchi-Kyan bound to stochastic parallel machine scheduling [article]

Sven Jäger, Martin Skutella
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Minimizing the sum of weighted completion times on $m$ identical parallel machines is one of the most important and classical scheduling problems. For the stochastic variant where processing times of jobs are random variables, M\"ohring, Schulz, and Uetz (1999) presented the first and still best known approximation result achieving, for arbitrarily many machines, performance ratio $1+\frac12(1+\Delta)$, where $\Delta$ is an upper bound on the squared coefficient of variation of the processing
more » ... mes. We prove performance ratio $1+\frac12(\sqrt{2}-1)(1+\Delta)$ for the same underlying algorithm---the Weighted Shortest Expected Processing Time (WSEPT) rule. For the special case of deterministic scheduling (i.e., $\Delta=0$), our bound matches the tight performance ratio $\frac12(1+\sqrt{2})$ of this algorithm (WSPT rule), derived by Kawaguchi and Kyan in a 1986 landmark paper. We present several further improvements for WSEPT's performance ratio, one of them relying on a carefully refined analysis of WSPT yielding, for every fixed number of machines $m$, WSPT's exact performance ratio of order $\frac12(1+\sqrt{2})-O(1/m^2)$.
arXiv:1801.01105v1 fatcat:ixb4aummhvgzravh5un3pyhb2u